where they established many City-States. Ultimate AP World History Set (Updated May 2018) 525 terms. A classical civilization whose origin traces to Indo-European peoples who migrated to the southern Greek Peninsula at 1700 BCE. a Greek city-state. the son of King Phillip the second who conquered most of Greece and Persia, naming many cities after himself. A Persian religion that held to a belief in a system of rewards and punishments in the afterlife. Expanded Chinese territory to include the Yangtse River valley, adding fertile rice growing area. Drama, Lyric Poetry, and Classical Architecture, The term for Greek culture that influenced the Romans and several other civilizations that has lasted to this day, The teacher of Plato said this,"And if we reflect in another way we shall see that we may well hope that death is a good thing. There is myth in Greece where a man ran 26 miles to call for help, and then died. Sterilization in surgery, knowledge of plastic surgery, and advances in astronomy. shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks to a culture d…. the earliest civilization in modern Europe on the island of Crete. Also at war with Athens, broke off from the Delian league, creating the Poleponnesian league. What were the four main classical civilizations and their dates? United Ancient Greece; Hellenistic Age, conquered a large empi…. Greek political organizations consisting of a city and surrounding countryside, both under the influence of one government. Alexander the Great. Grandson of Chandragupta known for brutality of his conquests. Also created the Latin Language. Ruled the majority of Europe, northern Africa, Anatolia, and parts of the Middle East. Women were confined to the home and only ventured outside under the guardianship of slaves and servants. Hindu practice of a widow throwing herself on her husband’s funeral pyre. Generally in conflict with Sparta unless fighting the Persians. an alliance that was created by Athens along with about 20 city-states in Greece, lead by Pericles. a long, sophisticated road (not as much as Roman Roads) that lead Persian Armies across the middle east. Hellenization. Later relaxed his behavios and connected with the Silk Roads, sharing Buddhism. Wore simple clothing and no jewelry to maintain equal status between them and the large Hoplite population. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. What happened after the fall of the Mycenaeans? professional soldiers in Sparta who were trained from age 7 to 20 to become super soldiers. Persian Wars. Died at age 33 from a fever in Babylon. because of the Poleponnesian War between quarreling city-states in Greece, this civilization began conquering Greece, lead by King Phillip the second. polis. A great civilization that rose in modern Iran, known for its superior military leadership, engineering, great works, and war with Greece. the Macedonians. a people who came into Italy in 800 B.C.E. AP History Classical Civilizations in the Mediterranean: Greece and Rome. During Constantine’s time, the (western) (eastern) portion of the empire declined, while the (western) (eastern) thrived. the great war between Sparta and Athens (Delian League, and Poleponnesian League) (SPARTA Won). They were the first to be considered Greek because they spoke Greek. Seafaring people who migrated to the Aegean Sea and recorded a 22 letter alphabet representing consonants. A form of government that originated in Athens in which the people rule. Alexander the Great. The first great Persian warrior-king who overcame several other rulers, maintained a powerful military, and created a lasting political system in Persia. His major philosophies became a model of Greek thought. Phoenician Mariners Seafaring people who migrated to the Aegean Sea and recorded a 22 letter alphabet representing consonants. This alphabet became the basis of the Greek alphabet. A belief shared among many religions in which believers who truly follow their practices will be rewarded with a blissful life in the afterlife. Had some economic rights. From Macedonia and reached into India’s subcontinent as far as the Indus River where he set up a border state named Bactria. a legendary battle where the King of Persia (Darius) lead his troops into Greece, that ended in a defeat in 490 B.C.E. But now the time has come, and we must go hence: I to die, and you to live. The invasion of the Goths and the Huns attacked Rome. AP World History. and ended in 600 C.E. Whether life or death is better is known to God, and to God only.". 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